Developers proposing new machine learning for health (ML4H) tools often pledge to match or even surpass the performance of existing tools, yet the reality is usually more complicated. Reliable deployment of ML4H to the real world is challenging as examples from diabetic retinopathy or Covid-19 screening show. We envision an integrated framework of algorithm auditing and quality control that provides a path towards the effective and reliable application of ML systems in healthcare. In this editorial, we give a summary of ongoing work towards that vision and announce a call for participation to the special issue Machine Learning for Health: Algorithm Auditing & Quality Control in this journal to advance the practice of ML4H auditing.

@inproceedings{ oala2021quality, title={achine Learning for Health: Algorithm Auditing & Quality Control}, author={Luis Oala, Andrew G. Murchison, Pradeep Balachandran, Shruti Choudhary, Jana Fehr, Alixandro Werneck Leite, Peter G. Goldschmidt, Christian Johner, Elora D. M. Schorverth, Rose Nakasi, Martin Meyer, Federico Cabitza, Pat Baird, Carolin Prabhu, Eva Weicken, Xiaoxuan Liu, Markus Wenzel, Steffen Vogler, Darlington Akogo, Shada Alsalamah, Emre Kazim, Adriano Koshiyama, Sven Piechottka, Sheena Macpherson, Ian Shadforth, Regina Geierhofer, Christian Matek, Joachim Krois, Bruno Sanguinetti, Matthew Arentz, Pavol Bielik, Saul Calderon-Ramirez, Auss Abbood, Nicolas Langer, Stefan Haufe, Ferath Kherif, Sameer Pujari, Wojciech Samek, Thomas Wiegand}, booktitle={Journal of Medical Systems}, year={2021}, url={} }